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We've all been lied to about Columbus.
Before Columbus sailed
the Atlantic, he was a slave trader for the Portuguese, transporting West
African people to Portugal to be sold as slaves. Columbus initiated the first
Trans-Atlantic slave trade. Columbus, brother and son continued
slave trading of indigenous peoples from the Americas to Europe, and from Africa
to the Caribbean. Under his administration as viceroy and governor of the
Caribbean Islands, 8 million people were killed, making his
"contribution" to history the first mass genocide of indigenous
peoples. The Columbus legacy is steeped in blood, violence and death.
The Transform Columbus Day Alliance believes public
holidays celebrating Columbus not only teach children to honor a cruel and
brutal man, but they also encourage people to ignore and possibly
support racist practices that are embedded in social, economic, political, and judicial
The research below will guide you in critically evaluating the role
of Christopher Columbus and his legacy of his oppression and cultural
Acrobat Reader to view documents in .pdf format.
Years of Indigenous Resistance
Debating Columbus in A New World
Alabama Proclamation of American Indian
Columbus to be Remembered Here
'Conquest brought suffering to Native Peoples
American Indian Movement Grand Governing Council.
People's Opposition to Celebration and Glorification of
Colonial Pirate Christopher Columbus
American Indian Movement of Colorado.
Open Letter to Sons of Italy from
Why the American Indian Movement of Colorado
Opposes Columbus Day and Columbus Day Parades
Bartolomé de las Casas
Account of the Devastation of the Indies 
Sparked a Genocide
Dirt Greed and Blood: Just War and the Colonization of the New World
Columbus and the Beginning of Genocide in the
Day Commemorates a Holocaust
Day: Holocaust and the Doctrine of Discovery
Crimes of Christopher Columbus
Hidden History: Columbus and the Colonial
Lord Jeffrey Amherst & the Case of the Small Pox Blankets
Columbus the Original American Hero
Edward Everett Hale.
The Life of Christopher Columbus: From His Own Letters and Journals
and Other Documents of His Time
Indian Country Today.
Columbus Day Articles
Library of Congress.
Exhibit : An Ongoing Voyage
Press Statement of
Escuela Tlatelolco Centro de Estudios and the Red Earth Women's
I'm an American Tired of American Lies
Centuries of Plunder
History of Columbus
Day in Colorado
The Legacy of Bartolomé
de Las Casas
William F. Keegan.
Destruction of the Taino
Debra Utacia Krol.
is nothing to celebrate
are Still Here
Lies My Teacher Told Me
The Truth About Columbus: A Subversively True
Poster Book for a Dubiously Celebratory Occasion [.pdf]
Lewis Lord with Sarah Burke.
America Before Columbus
Charles C. Mann.
Reviled by Indigenous Peoples
Why Did Columbus Sail?
Columbus Day 1999
Columbus-bashing began in 1492
National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA.
A Faithful Response to the 500th Anniversary
of the Arrival of Christopher Columbus
Five Hundred Years of Injustice:
The Legacy of Fifteenth Century Religious Prejudice
Why Rethink Columbus?
It's a Good Day to be Indigenous
Columbus Day Statement (2001)
Carla Rahn Phillips and William D. Phillips.
Christopher Columbus in United States History: Biography as
Textbook Columbus: Examining the Myth
Voyage of Destiny
Know When You Are Sleeping
Progressive Italians to Transform the Columbus Day Holiday
Statement in Support of a Respectful Celebration
of Italian Heritage
For Some, it's a Time of Mourning
1492 and Multiculturalism
Columbus on Trial: 1492 v. 1992
What Columbus Discovered
Myths of Columbus: Conversation with Alvin P. Sanoff
a Time for Jubilation?
Christopher Columbus: A Bibliographic Voyage
Richard A. Snyder.
Council of Churches condemns Columbus
Invasion of the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria
David E. Stannard.
Genocide in The Americas
Walk the Walk in
Edward T. Stone.
Columbus and Genocide
Taíno: Pre-Columbian Art and Culture
from the Caribbean
Transform Columbus Day Alliance.
Day: A Study Guide for Faith Communities
Conquest of America
United Confederation of Taino People.
Why Celebrate Columbus Day?
Questions To Ponder As Columbus Day nears...
Pauline Moffitt Watts.
Science, Religion, and Columbus's Enterprise of the Indies
Examining the Reputation of Christopher Columbus
Delno C. West.
Christopher Columbus and His Enterprise to the Indies: Scholarship
of the Last Quarter Century
Wallowing in a Theological Stupor or a Steadfast and Consuming Faith:
Scholarly Encounters with Columbus' 'Libro de las
Delno C. West and August Kling.
Columbus and Columbia: A Brief Survey of the Early Creation of
the Columbus Symbol in American History
John Noble Wilford.
Dominican Bluff Yields Columbus's First Colony
Experts Debate Theory on Columbus
Columbus Discussed by Students
Columbus My Enemy: A Caribbean Chief
Resists the First Spanish Invaders
was Christoforo Columbus?
Michael A. de
Yoanna and Terje Langeland.
Zero for Columbus Day
Not All Italians Love Columbus
"Explorers Don't Need a Welcome Mat"
An Underground Education [.pdf]
Columbus and Western
Columbus, the Indians, and Human Progress
The Empire and the People
You Can't Be Neutral on a Moving Train
Unsung Heroes: Why Aren't People such as Daniel Shays, John Ross, or
Fannie Lou Hamer Held Up as Role Models?
The Ultimate Power
The Use and Abuse of History